FABRIC
 

C.O.M fabric accepted with no up-charge.                                                                             
Sample Fabric accounts:
Greenhouse Fabric, Christopher Hyland, DeLany & Long, Roger Goffigon, Osborne & Little, Zoffany, F.Schumacher, Waverly, Lee Jofa, Brunschwig & Fils, Robert Allen, Kravet, Coraggio, Nancy Corzine, Sunbella

Designer fabrics cost anywhere between $ 15 per yard to $ 350 per yard. While choosing a fabric for window treatments one should bear the following facts in mind:

The textile color in the room can work wonders on your mood. Draperies can change a dull room into an exciting one. Fabric should to be chosen in accordance with the use of the room. For instance, silk, linen and
cotton-syntheticis are good choices for rooms that see a lot of activities. For kid's room, woven materials like denim, chenille fabrics can be used. Also from the privacy point of view,  draperies and shades prevent people peeping into the house. Scrims prevent the "black hole" look at night yet filter the window during the day.

Draperies and shades help to block out the light during the day. Window treatments that control light are also suitable for late morning or for an afternoon sleeper and can be used in bedrooms. Window treatments that are made with lining/interlining/black lining block light.  They also protect the fabric from the sun, as well as make the true color of the fabric show in the window treatment.

Drapery fabric should also complement your window, art, furniture and the décor in the room. The window treatment can either blend into the background quality or make a powerful statement of its own reflecting one's personal style.

General guidelines

1. FABRICS MUST BE PROTECTED FROM THE SUN
Draperies should be lined, and also interlined, when fragile fabrics are used. Shades should be drawn during the day and awnings should be used whenever possible. Window glass magnifies the destructive elements in the rays of the sun. The winter sun and reflection from the snow are even more harmful than the summer sun. Trees and shrubbery help protect windows.

Colors can fade by oxidation (gas fading) if fabrics are kept in storage for too long a period without airing. Some colors are more fugitive than others. Impurities in the air may cause as much fading as the direct rays of the sun.

2. USE A REPUTABLE DRY CLEANER WHO SPECIALIZES IN HOME FURNISHINGS
Dust has impurities which affect fabrics. Vacuum fabrics often. Dry cleaning should be done at regular intervals before excessive soil has accumulated. Very few fabrics are washable. 


3. BE TOLERANT OF NORMAL FLUCTUATIONS IN LENGTHS OF DRAPERIES
Few fabrics are completely stable. Fabrics breathe and absorb moisture, resulting in stretching or shrinking. It is reasonable to expect as much as a 3% change in any drapery length. In a 3-yard length (108 inches), this would amount to 3 inches up or down under various conditions. Fabrics placed over or near heating and cooling vents may react to a much greater degree.

4. FABRICS WEAR OUT - THEY ARE NOT INDESTRUCTIBLE
Wear will vary with the amount of use. Some weaves are stronger than others. A favorite chair will not last as long as a seldom used show piece.

5. APPLIED FINISHES MAY HELP FABRICS RESIST SOIL AND STAIN
Finishes help fabrics resist spotting, but they are not necessarily the end-all to every problem. Light colors are likely to benefit most. Dining room chairs will soil no matter what is used. A finish does not eliminate the necessity of properly caring for fabrics. Spots should still be given immediate attention by a professional dry cleaner.

6. SYNTHETIC FIBERS
Synthetic yarns have made impressive strides in advancing the technology of weaving, but they cannot perform miracles. Performances will vary with the construction of the fabric and its application.

7. MULTIPLE-WIDTH DRAPERIES, WALLCOVERINGS AND BEDSPREADS
Because fabric, unlike paper, is not a completely stable "substance", it cannot be taken for granted that, whether printed or woven, the pattern will invariably be completely "square" upon the cloth. Although, in printing, every effort is made to avoid distortion, occasionally it will exist. Therefore, when planning multiple-width fabrications, please make certain, BEFORE CUTTING, that pattern alignment is adequate to produce a satisfactory result. This also applies to woven fabrics.

special considerations

The following is a practical look at some basic facts concerning the application of fabrics frequently used today and how to avoid misapplication.

CHENILLES

Typical fiber content found in chenilles includes cotton, wool, linen, rayon and nylon. Any dyestuff anomalies will be amplified by the very nature of chenille yarn construction; therefore, be very cautious about placement in consideration to light-fastness -- particularly natural-fiber chenilles that are of a blue primary base.

Manufacturers prefer to have their chenille yarns (which are by-and-large twisted and directional) skein-dyed for greater saturation and a richly-preserved pile; consequently, many run into problems with reversals employing this process. Although a reversal is not a flaw per se, it is nevertheless a condition whereupon the appearance of the finished chenille fabric changes when viewed from different angles -- much like a black panther's spots. These reversals are termed as genuine "barre marks" and are generally most noticeable from the selvage; ergo, railroading is not recommended if this condition exists.

Quite often flattened pile is referred to as "streaks", "shading" or "hot spots". In most cases, pile will even out with regular use; in fact, it is the lower-grade chenilles that bear a uniform appearance from the onset.

Chenilles of every quality have a propensity to unravel on upholstery applications, especially if there is an insufficient return on the seams. To avoid answering for an upholsterer or manufacturer unpracticed in the use of chenilles, it is safer to have chenille fabric backed and serged. The purist designer seeking that singular plush feel of chenille over down would be best served by having a light latex backing applied.
 

LINEN

Linen, produced from flax, is known for its body, strength and variable fiber bundles. Primary limitations are low resiliency and lack of elasticity (thus those notorious "wrinkles"). Unlike other natural fibers, flax's length and dimensions are not clearly definable. The more flax (and linen yarn) is processed to attain uniformity, the greater the likelihood there would be a reduction of durability; therefore, it is to be expected that a quality linen fabric will contain some variances.

It is these very characteristics that are commonly misconstrued as flaws or deficiencies. More often than not, it is a lack of knowledge about bast-fiber product that causes designers and specifiers to run into problems.

For example, linen fabrics are often replete with "slubs" which are extreme manifestations of swollen fibers. Although inherent to the yarn, they are frequently perceived as misweaves. It is essential that a client be informed of their commonality during the specification process-not after the fabric has been installed.

Secondly, flax is subject to several processes from harvesting to finishing; consequently, prevailing conditions (including Mother Nature) will dictate quality and appearance. It is important to understand that every lot will vary; additionally, dyed linen should be treated with the same degree of circumspection. Always insist upon a cutting from the reserved piece to match with the original sample.

A common complaint is the distinct odor that sometimes emanates from linens-particularly those that have gone through a minimum of finishing. Usually the odor vanishes in time; however, dry cleaning will accelerate the process.

Spots and stains are easier to remove from linen than from other natural fibers and linen is also more resistant to bacterial action and mildew. The general rule is to pre-treat all stains immediately in preparation for the dry cleaner. Never use chlorine bleach because it will weaken the fiber. Misnomers about linen and wrinkles abound, due largely to its reputation associated with the garment industry. If fabricated and maintained properly for upholstery, drapery and wallcovering use, creasing should be of minor concern. Be that as it may, a client should be well-enlightened of the possibility.

SILKS

If silk is specified properly, it's brilliance and suppleness can enhance a project like no other; conversely, silk can turn into a nightmare without serious consideration paid to its application.

A continuous filament fiber, silk boasts greater tenacity and elasticity than other natural fibers; nonetheless, if there is any question about the need for backing, the answer should always be yes. Just because a supplier does not offer a particular silk fabric with a backing, it does not suggest that the product is viable on all installations.

It is imperative that a client be informed from the onset that there is no such thing as a perfect silk fabric. Although a sample may not manifest slubs, motes, and other natural incongruities, do not be surprised if they appear in the yardage. After all, it is all part of the "charm" and "character" of silk.

Lastly, silk will fade. Silk will decompose in direct sunlight. There is no getting around it.